The ON TRIPS agreement is not a rule, particularly with regard to the protection of intellectual property rights. The ON TRIPS agreement is part of the WTO agreement signed by its member states, which obliges all its members to adopt rules on intellectual property rights in their respective countries. With respect to your question, we can explain that the TRIPS agreement does not protect intellectual property rights at the international level. In the international field, each area of intellectual property rights has its own international conventions, as they develop over time. In the area of copyright, for example, some international conventions that apply to signatory states are: the integration of intellectual property protection into the global trading system, then known as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), could not be separated from the role of the United States, which presented proposals for negotiations on aspects of intellectual property rights related to trade. In addition, the European Community has also presented proposals for guidelines and objectives. Against the proposals of these countries, India is one of the countries most vehemently opposed to the idea of including the protection of intellectual property rights. However, after a debate between developing and industrialized countries, the winner is most interested in protecting his works, namely developed countries. The TRIPS agreement is the result of these achievements and has also adopted two major international agreements in the field of industrial property and copyright, namely the Paris Convention on the Protection of Industrial Property and the Bern Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. The consequences of the victory of developed countries in the GATT negotiations of the Uruguay Round with regard to intellectual property rights are those that argue for the entry into developing countries, including Indonesia, of the concepts of ownership and ownership of Western countries. With the TRIPS agreement, intellectual property rights have been integrated into the multilateral trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive multilateral IP agreement to date.
In 2001, developing countries, fearing that developed countries had insisted on too narrow a reading of the TRIPS trip, launched a series of discussions that culminated in the Doha Declaration.